Hundreds of thousands of peoples go on holiday with their children in an exotic country.
Their distribution varies considerably in different geographic areas and, even in the presence of the same pathology (such as in the case of malaria), prophylaxis and therapy may be different depending on the country in which it is contracted the disease.
But a vaccination needs adequate time to ensure protection against the disease, so it is always good to plan a trip in advance, taking into account also aspects related to health security. “Not all so-called diseases of the traveler are uniformly present in all the areas at risk,” says Giuseppe Di Mauro, president Sipps. “In first place is the African continent but are followed by the South East Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Also with regard to Africa, however, there are differences: for example, sub-Saharan Africa is at high risk of malaria (among other things that is contracted malaria in Africa is the most dangerous type), while in North Africa, as well as in South East Asia, are the most widespread food-borne diseases such as, for example, hepatitis A, typhoid and cholera. ”
Here is the guide for the baby traveler:
1. THINK ABOUT IT FIRST. Fifteen days prior to departure is important to ask questions and follow any prophylaxis, by contacting the Center nearest pediatric infectious diseases.
2. PAY ATTENTION TO FOOD. Never raw and attention to even the fresh cheese. Do not eat vegetables, fruits, legumes raw or they can not be peeled or cooked. Avoid raw or undercooked eggs, raw fish or farmed in swampy areas or in the vicinity of discharges, sauces (eg, mayonnaise) homemade, pudding or ice cream artisan production from unpasteurized milk, sausages, meat raw or undercooked. Do not use if unboiled milk and fresh cheese. Use pads or Euclorina Milto to dissolve in water to disinfect foods (eg fruits and vegetables), the pacifier or bottle.
3. MINERAL WATER USE ONLY, not only for drinking. The ice should be avoided. Even for personal hygiene (eg brushing teeth), use only water in sealed bottles. Prefer water in bottles with a capacity not exceeding one liter.
4. PREVENTING INSECT BITES. Eye to the time, the color of the clothes and yes to sprays. Avoid going out after dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes bite usually. Wear clothing with long sleeves, long pants to avoid dark colors that seem to attract mosquitoes and tsetse flies. Apply repellents on exposed skin. Use mosquito nets for doors and windows. If possible, treat them with permethrin. In their absence the night the doors and windows must be closed. Use Room mosquito repellent or mosquito coils to pyrethrum (coils) and spray repellent on clothes and mosquito nets.
5. ALSO MAKE SURE TO ANIMALS. Not only the visible ones, but also those subtle of which is often unaware. Do not bathe and wash in fresh water potentially contaminated with human or animal excrement or infested with larvae of schistosomes. Avoid walking barefoot in the mud or in swampy areas. Avoid all contact with wild and domestic animals is not known. Periodically check your body to be able to identify any ticks or their bites.
6. PROTECTING CHILDREN FROM THE SUN with creams and avoiding dehydration. Avoid exposing yourself to the sun during the hottest hours of the day (11-15). Use high protection creams or sunblock at least 30 minutes before exposure. Wear clothing suitable to the climate, light colors and cotton. Always cover your head with a hat. Drink plenty of water.
7. PHARMACY TRAVEL TO BRING WITH YOU ‘. Thermometer, patches, sterile gauze, disinfectant wipes, disinfectant solution; skin repellents; Fastum Gel (for bruises); Mercuro Chrome (for wounds); For Conjunctivitis: eye drops (once opened store in the fridge), 2 to 4 drops times per day for 5-7 days.
8. BY PLANE. At the time of takeoff and landing to suck the child or offer him a meal with a bottle to solve the small inconvenience to pressure changes typical of the flight.
9. JET LEG. If the stay was very short (less than 3 days) it is advisable to keep time in the country of origin to not unnecessarily alter established habits
10. RETURN NOT let your guard down. Should appeared high fever without apparent cause up to three months after returning from the trip, it is best to contact a specialized center.