Skin is the largest organ in our body and is constantly being rejuvenated – the replacement of skin cells is an ongoing process which starts from the outermost later of the skin to the surface of the skin. Hence, as one cell ages and makes its way towards the surface, it dies out. And upon reaching the skin’s surface, it joins with thousands of other dead skin cells and creates a layer of protection that keeps the skin safe from bacterial and viral infections.
The skin also contains hair follicles which are small glands that produce oil known as sebum. The sebum combines with skin cells in the hair follicles and together move towards the surface of the skin. But if there is excess of sebum or dead skin cells, their exit from the follicles becomes a difficult task resulting in the formation of a blockage. This causes a bacterial infection and subsequent inflammation of the skin that leads to acne vulgaris – the most common type of acne known.
Acne usually occurs in the teenage and young adult years. And since rubbing and scratching the pimples don’t help, there are a variety of treatment options available to help people in getting rid of their acne problems.
Acne treatments can be a little tricky. While some medications may suit a teenager’s oily skin, the same medication may cause damage to an adult’s drier skin. Hence, for any treatment to run its course and provide tangible results, it requires patience both the part of the doctor and the patient.
Following are some of the methods that are generally employed while treating an acne case.
1. Doctor’s Prescriptions: Antibiotics such as clindamycin and tetracycline help fight against the bacterial infection. Oral medications can also really aid in rectifying the hormonal imbalance.
2. Cleansing Gels: Dermatologists do recommend cleansing gels to ease the inflammation but stronger gels – especially the ones that contain granules – should be avoided. These are abrasive in nature and can harm the sensitivity of the skin.
3. Lotions and Creams: There is a large variety of lotions and creams available over-the-counter that can help open up the skin pores and also lessen the wrinkles. There are certain products that contain glycolic and salicylic acids that are really useful in preventing skin discolouration and causing of acne scars. And those who wish to treat their acne as soon as it breaks out, lotions having benzoyl peroxide is a good choice to make as it helps kill the bacteria.
4. Advanced Treatment: More high-tech treatments like those of laser and extensive pulsed light procedures can also be opted for. These are aimed directly at targeting acne scars. Apart from these, there are also blue light therapy procedures that target acne-inducing bacteria and kill them. Since these treatments are expensive, patients are advised to give other methods a try before choosing one.
If you are looking for a skin specialist in Gurgaon, or a skin specialist in Noida, have Credihealth help you with your search. Just visit their website and find the best doctor for your acne problems.
In these years since I have graduated, I Simi Ahuja, have been working with the institution providing health care and medical treatments and have gathered tons of information about the doctors, hospitals and related things in Delhi-NCR. In this article, she has shared information on how to treat acne. To know more about the same.